Archive / 1.20 Capital

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Entity’s equity

As we have discussed earlier, an entity’s capital or equity is something that the owners have effectively invested into the entity in the form of paying in capital and later on leaving profits undistributed – share capital, reserves and retained earnings comprise the most significant part of equity under normal conditions. An entity’s equity is […]

Reporting capital on statement of changes in owner’s equity

Statement of changes in owner’s equity is a statement that’s prepared usually just once a year for the Annual Report. As it is, it’s important to note that the changes are then reflected from the previous period end to the current period end.  (more…)

Controls over capital and equity accounts

Why have controls over capital and other equity accounts? It may seem like a reasonable question, but I have to be honest, from experience I’ve encountered more than just one scenario when the management wished they had such controls.  (more…)

Payment onto share capital account

Payments into equity are made to two types of accounts – share capital and reserves. No payments are to be made to retained earnings. Retained earnings account can only be changed in two circumstances – for paying dividends (that is payment is done from retained earnings) or changed when dealing with restructuring, i.e. merging or […]

Entity’s capital – equity and loan payables

Capital of an entity is divided into two – internal and external capital. An internal capital is owner’s equity and external capital is what third party has “paid into the entity”. Normally loans given and not supplier payables are defined as external capital. The reason for that lies behind the subject matter – supplier payables […]

Accounting for transaction costs when lending money

With loans you’ll be taking, often times the transaction costs are a significant part of the loan, i.e. like in our example of lending 100,000 a contract fee of 2,000 would be considered as significant. Now in case the cost is less significant, say 500, this would be charged to expenses right away and you’d […]

Payments out of equity – when and why?

Equity is not “married” to the company indefinitely; it can be decreased just as it can be increased. Now, to focus on the negative change in equity, decrease can happen in two ways:  (more…)